Glossary (Government System)
A. Central Administrative System
Munha-seong ((門下省) – The Chancellery was in charge of reviewing policy and includes the function of civil service examination bureau.
Jungseo-seong (中書省) – The Secretariat was responsible for drafting policy.
Sangseo-seong (尚書省) – The Executive was responsible for implementing policy through its 6 subordinate ministries: personnel, military affairs, revenue, rites, justice, and civil works.
Jungseo-munha-seong (中書門下省) – A unit made up of the Chancellery and the Secretariat and led by the munha sijung.
Ministry for Personnel (吏部), Revenue (户部), Rites (礼部), Military Affairs (兵部), Justice (刑部) and Works (工部)
Jungchuwon (中樞院) – It was responsible for military affairs and for transmitting royal orders.
B. Key Central Institutions
Dobang (都房)- Choe Chung Heon’s private military unit that elevated to be the supreme power organisation in control of Goryeo during Choe’s military regime.
Jeongbang (政房)– (predecessor: Dobang) The governing office that handles all political and personnel issues.
Gyojeong dogam (教定都监) – It was the highest authority political institution during Choe military regime. It operated as a mechanism for maintaining the power of governing and directing affairs. It controlled the posting and court administration as well as managed political and personnel issues.
Jaechu Meeting (宰枢会谈) – The present day parliament.
C. Goryeo’s Administrative Divisions (after King Heon Jong’s reign)
• The country is divided into the Capital Area (Gyeonggi), Five Provinces (Do) and Two Border Regions (Gye).
• These large administrative units were then divided into four capitals (Gyeong), four Regional Protection Commands (Dohobu) and eight Subprovinces (Mok), which were, in turn, subdivided into 15 Counties (Bu), 129 Subcounties (Gun), 335 Prefactures (Hyeon) and 29 Military Outposts (Jin).
• The five provinces under the reformed system were Yanggwang-do, Gyeongsang-do, Jeolla-do, Gyoju-do and Seohae-do, while the two Border Regions were Donggye ("Eastern Border Region") and Bukgye ("Northern Border Region").
Four Capitals (Gyeong)
Gaegyeong – Primary Capital City (present Gaeseong)
Seogyeong – Secondary Capital City (present Pyongyang)
Namgyeong – Secondary Capital City (present Seoul)
Donggyeong – Secondary Capital City (present Gyeongju)
1. John B. Duncan, The Formation of the Central Aristocracy in Early Koryo.
2. History of Gangwon-do, http://eng.gwd.go.kr/sub3/03_01.asp
3. The Goryeo Dyansty Map (11th Century) http://www.cosmolear...y-11th-century/
4. Choi Jeong Hwan, The Minister System and Governing Office of the Goryeo Dynasty, http://m.riss.kr/sea...48d419#redirect