Jaesin (宰臣) - Chancellors. The Grade 1 and Grade 2 officials of the Secretariat –Chancellery was known collectively as Jaesin.
Chusin (枢臣) – The top-ranking officials (Junior Grade 2 officials) in the Royal Secretariat
Jaechu (宰枢) – Top officials of the Secretariat-Chancellery and the Royal Secretariat. (Abbreviation of Jaesin and chusin).
Munha sijung(門下侍中) – Chancellor, Junior Grade 1
Pyeongjangsa(平章事) – Chancellor, Senior Grade 2
Chamji jeongsa(參知政事) – Chancellor, Junior Grade 2
Munha sirang pyeongjeongsa (门下侍郎平章事) – Executive Director of The Chancellery
Appointments in the Ministries
Yukbu Sangseo (六部尚书)– Head of the Ministry, Senior Grade 3
Sangseo (尚书)- Minister, Junior Grade 3
Sirang (侍郎)- Vice-Minister, Grade 4
Nangjung (郎中) – Director, Grade 5
Chumirwon busa (枢密院副使)– Head of Security Council
Gamsa eosa (监查御史) – Supervisory Censor
Gyojeong byeolgam – (教定都监) – Commissioner of Gyojeong dogam
B. Powerful Local Officials in Goryeo Dynasty
Byeongmasa (兵馬使) – Military commanders dispatched to the 2 border regions to oversee military affairs, diplomacy, civil administration, etc. They usually held office for 6 months. They inspected and controlled a local governor and made rounds of jurisdiction to under the local situation.
Anchalsa(按察使) - Inspector-generals dispatched to the 5 provinces to inspect local prefects or magistrates and supervise local judicial affairs. Subsequently, they also participated in the suppression of local insurrections and served as field superiors to the local prefects in battles against the Mongol invaders.
Bangeosa(防御使) - Border Defense Officers
C. Goryeo Military Official Posts
Sang-changgun (上将军)– Supreme General, Senior Grade 3
Tae-changgun (大将军)– Great General, Junior Grade 3
Changgun (将军)– General, Grade 4
Chung nangjang (中郎将)– Colonel, Grade 5
Nangjang (郎将)– Lt. Colonel, Grade 6
Dae-gunjang (大军长)– Regiment Commander
Jung-gunjang (中军长)– Battalion Commander
So-gunjang (小军长)– Platoon Commander
1. John B. Duncan, The Formation of the Central Aristocracy in Early Koryo.
2. Yi Jung-Ki, The Completion of Byeongmasa System and the Duty of Byeongmasa in Yanggyae of the Goryeo Dynasty. http://www.dbpia.co....sp?arid=1310800
3. Bak Jong Jin, The Functions and Status of the Anchal-sa in the Koryo Dynasty, http://m.riss.kr/sea...48d419#redirect