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Learning Korean - Lesson 2


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#1  WaGGy

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    Posted 01 May 11 - 08:45 PM

    LEARNING KOREAN

    LESSON 2

    I was thinking of what to write for this lesson hence I waited for comments to have an idea. I noticed that many are more eager to learn how to speak and understand what they hear as compared to learning how to write and read. If only there is a short-cut lane going there, but there is none. LOL. It is a must to know the alphabet first and how they are pronounced. It would be odd to just memorize the words that you hear without having an idea of its meaning.

    Truth is, the easiest way is actually learning how to read and write first, because in the process of learning the alphabet you’ll discover things that will help you adjust. You’re probably wondering what I meant by ‘learn to adjust’, I’ll explain through examples and comparisons.

    If you read the word “KIT”, whether you’re in the US or Canada or any English speaking country you’ll probably pronounce it the same way and spell it as K + I + T, same with most English words. We may have different accents but we have the same guide in pronouncing the English alphabet. Unfortunately, the Korean Hangeul can be taught in different ways, especially in spelling the words (due to the KRS & MRS) and the pronunciation may also cause confusion if you’re new to the language.

    I read comments saying that the Korean Language is confusing LOL. Yes it could be confusing BUT if you know what causes the confusion, it would be easier to understand. It is like learning the terrain before the race, this way you will learn how to adjust. ;)

    Posted Image
    I will write words using 2 different fonts so you can see how a character can sometimes change when combined with others, depending on how people write them. Just like in Roman alphabet, the letters would look differently when written in cursive.

    Posted Image
    Which one is correct? All of them are being used. The word above will have more than one Romanization and pronunciation because can either be B or P.

    When I checked the books and online sites, they have similar Korean spelling but their Romanization was different. Some resources would tell you that in final position will be pronounced as P but if it is at the beginning, it will be pronounced as B. Some would tell you that it would be pronounced as P at the beginning or end of the word. When I went to a Korean restaurant I heard 3 pronunciations of that word spoken by Korean natives ordering kimbap, kimpap, kimbab. I can’t say which one is really correct since all of them are being used by Koreans.

    I tried one Korean Language program, it was teaching me how to pronounce the Korean term for grandfather: (see the difference in the way some letters were written?)
    Posted Image

    When the word was pronounced per syllable it was – ha + ra + po + ji but when the entire word was pronounced it sounded harabŏji. :huh: IMO, just memorize the consonants having different pronunciations and Romanization, anyway there are only a few. ;)

    The pronunciation guides are in the tables below. Someone suggested that I place a sound file of the pronunciation but then youtube has a lot of vids about that. I’m considering it but for the meantime you can check online resources.

    Note/Reminder: the official Korean Government Romanization system is KRS, the MRS is the McCune-Reischauer standard. These systems differ in spelling as explained in Learning Korean Lesson 1. For the phonetics (pronunciation/sound) below, I used the MRS system because many find it an easier guide for pronunciation, but do not forget that pronunciation and Romanization are two different things.

    Posted Image
    click this for the bigger version - Attached File  vowels-pronunciation.jpg   442.02KB   89 downloads

    CONSONANTS (the last 5 are the double consonants)
    Don’t worry about the vocabulary in the examples. This is just a guide for the pronunciation, you’ll develop your vocab later on. The 1st box in the pronunciation guide refers to the position of the character in a word – if it is at the beginning, middle or end. I had problems uploading the pics so I divided it - the 2 are connected.

    Posted Image
    Posted Image

    You don’t need to rush to learn these. It really takes time to learn how to pronounce the words. Note that the changes in pronunciation depends on the position of the character.

    When I was exposed to the Korean alphabet and was still studying the letters, the first thing I asked was “How do I write my name in Korean?” :) I wanted to write my name in Korean to amaze my friends who think I’m having some socio-emotional crisis because of my fascination with Korean dramas. :D

    So why not try to translate your name in Korean for practice. ;)

    I intended to start teaching the blocks but I don’t want to overload you with stuff :P. Let’s just do that next lesson.

    From now on I’ll also include vocabulary words written in Korean so we could improve more on our vocabulary… and for your practice try to Romanize them. You can post your answers here, in spoiler tags then we’ll check if they are correct.

    VOCABULARY
    (for this lesson the words are arranged in a way that could also help us practice pronunciation)

    Words with vowels
    1. 아이 – child
    2. 우유 – milk
    3. 여우 – fox
    4. 오이 – cucumber
    5. 이의 – objection

    Words with consonants
    1. 구두 – shoes
    2. 누구 – who
    3. 모자 – hat
    4. 바지 – pants
    5. 아빠 – Dad

    Combined
    1. 동생 – younger sibling
    2. 은행– bank
    3. 사랑– love
    4. 학교– school
    5. 경찰– police

    • Ojikk, heyyou200686, Jocelin and 11 others like this

    Carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero.

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    [Thanks Kristy for the siggy! :)]


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    #2 Rosette Shim

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    Posted 01 May 11 - 11:16 PM

    :'D AWESOME!!! *excited* ^0^ I love you Waggy~ you save my life!! >w< each day I learned!!!
    ye~ =w=~~
    I will improve more learning Korean~~

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    credits goes to Dizisdan~ I love my dear Prince Changmin ♥ with all my heart >/////<
    My dreams is to meet Chang-Min Shim and be a Pro Artist&Translator~ Korean Drama and Kpop~ =w=
    “There isn’t anything that isn’t difficult”-
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    #3 Rosette Shim

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    Posted 01 May 11 - 11:17 PM

    Thank you very much~ your lessons helps me to understand a little bit of Korean :'D
    you're a great teacher!!!

    Posted ImagePosted ImagePosted Image
    credits goes to Dizisdan~ I love my dear Prince Changmin ♥ with all my heart >/////<
    My dreams is to meet Chang-Min Shim and be a Pro Artist&Translator~ Korean Drama and Kpop~ =w=
    “There isn’t anything that isn’t difficult”-
    DBSK,Choikang Changmin
    "I want to continue (TVXQ) with everybody forever."
    - DBSK,Choikang Changmin

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    #4 Ojikk

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 01:21 AM

    Thanksssss...I realy appreciate for this.. Could you put in the special folder. This is can use for us. Thanks

    #5 Ojikk

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 01:23 AM

    Googjob for you and many tahnks for this lesson. I wish you still put new things or thing about continue this lesson. Thanks
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    #6 teah

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 01:27 AM

    :panda_celebrate: :goodjob: woo hoo! i have been waiting for this for a while.
    thanks for giving us the chance to learn korean and for youre hard work

    follow DSS on twitterfacebookgoogle +tumblrpinterest

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    #7 X-Japan

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 01:56 AM

    If you guys would like a handy book for grammar and stuff, get "Elementary Korean".

    #8 noone

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 09:19 AM

    wow this is sooo helpful! thanks a lot for your hard work! :)

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    #9 Buni

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 10:22 AM

    Thank you very much.

    #10  nonski

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 04:50 PM

    thank you dem :) it is helping a lot!

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    #11 innocentloverholic

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 05:12 PM

    This really helps, a lot. Posted Image Thanks a lot, Waggy! ;)

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    "I AM a HOTTEST VIP with some CASSIOPEIAN ELF living in a SHINEE WORLD. I'm looking for my SOULMATE that's locked up in a JEWELRY BOX. He's an A+ just like me. And whenever you see him, you'll get to 'SAY, "He's so WONDERFUL!" with your BOICE out loud! He's got some B2UTY within him. And you'll be JUMPING BoA like crazy, that you feel he's a D-NA ANGEL that fell from the CLOUD. He only has ONE LOVE and that's me. When you're with him you'll say, "KISS ME!" without any shame <3 I met him from HIGH SKOOL and it's somewhat my ZE:A'S STYLE since then. No PLAY GIRL can ever be with him because it's not his type. I'll tell you his unique name and it has TRIPLE S in it and BLACKJACK is his game."

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    #12 9ja_delight

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    Posted 02 May 11 - 09:38 PM

    wow thanks a lot! I always wanted to learn Korean!

    #13 Eduardjr

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    Posted 03 May 11 - 12:02 AM

    I want to share other Vocabularies that we taken up in our Korean Language School. :panda_cry:


    VOCABULARY


    1.) Persons 사람 [sa-lam]
    Man 남자 [nam-ja]
    Woman 여자 [yeo-ja]
    Father 아버지 [a-beo-ji]
    Mother 어머니 [eo-meo-ni]
    Son 아들 [a-deul]
    Daughter [ttal]
    Teacher 선생님 [seon-saeng-nim]
    Student 학생 [hak-saeng]
    Friend 친구 [chin-gu]
    Korean 한국 사람 [han-guk sa-lam]
    Filipino 필리핀 사람 [pil-li-pin sa-lam]
    Foreigner 외국 사람 [we-guk sa-lam]

    2.) Things 사물 [sa-mul]
    Book [chaek]
    Desk 책상 [chaek-sang]
    Bag 가방 [ga-bang]
    Chair 의자 [ui-ja]
    Shoes 구두 [gu-du]
    Newspaper 신문 [sin-mun]
    Wallet 지갑 [ji-gap]
    Umbrella 우산 [u-san]
    Mobile Phone 휴대 전화 [hyu-de jeon-hwa]
    Bike 자전거 [ja-jeon-geo]
    Table 탁자 [tak-ja]
    Tree 나무 [na-mu]
    Train 기차 [gi-cha]
    Taxi 택시 [taek-si]
    Bus 버스 [beo-seu]
    Airplane 비행기 [bi-haeng-gi]
    Subway 지하철 [ji-ha-cheol]

    3.) PLACES 장소 [jang-so]
    House [jip]
    Classroom 교실 [gyo-sil]
    Company 회사 [hoe-sa]
    Office 사무실 [sa-mu-sil]
    Hospital 병원 [byeong-won]
    Drugstore 약국 [yak-guk]
    Restaurant 식당 [sik-dang]
    Bank 은행 [eun-haeng]
    Post Office 우체국 [u-che-guk]
    Embassy 대사관 [dae-sa-gwan]
    Comfort Room 화장실 [hwa-jang-sil]
    Factory 공장 [gong-jang]
    Theater 극장 [geuk-jang]
    Dormitory 기숙사 [gi-suk-sa]
    Market 시장 [si-jang]
    Department Store 백화점 [baek-hwa-jeom]
    Gasoline Station 주유소 [ju-yu-so]
    Car Parking Area 주차장 [ju-cha-jang]
    Fire Station 소방서 [so-bang-seo]
    Police Station 경찰서 [gyeong-chal-seo]
    Bus Stop 버스 정류장 [beo-seu-jeong-lyu-jang]

    4.) Others 기타 [gi-ta]
    Movie 영화 [yeong-hwa]
    Weather 날씨 [nal-ssi]
    Construction 공사 [gong-sa]
    Out of Order 고장 [go-jang]
    Repair 수리 [su-li]
    Meeting 회의 [hoe-ui]
    Hobby 취미 [chwi-mi]
    Travel 여행 [yeo-haeng]

    5.) Protection Equipments 보호구 [bo-ho-gu]
    Safety Helmet 안전모 [an-jeon-mo]
    Safety Shoes 안전화 [an-jeon-hwa]
    Safety Gloves 안전장갑 [an-jeon-jang-gap]
    Safety Belt 안전벨트 [an-jeon-bel-keu]
    Safety Harness 안전대 [an-jeon-dae]
    Safety Glasses 보안경 [bo-an-gyeong]
    Safety Mask 보안면 [bo-an-myeon]
    Ear Plug 귀마개 [gwi-ma-gae]

    Note*: About the Safety Glasses and Safety Mask, I'm a little bit confused about the 2 'coz I know "Safety means 안전[an-jeon]" but my Korean Teacher still suggesting use 보안[bo-an] than 안전[an-jeon]. But I know 보안경[bo-an-gyeong]is Welding Glasses and 보안면[bo-an-myeon]is Welding Mask.

    @Waggy
    Just correct them if there are some wrongs. :panda_celebrate:
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    #14 yufen18

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    Posted 03 May 11 - 01:32 AM

    wahhh coollll soo now i can learn about hangul ~~~ :goodjob:

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    #15 kano

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    Posted 03 May 11 - 04:29 AM

    woooowwww... i love this.. thankyou so much for sharing..
    now i can learn korean language better..
    :panda_dance:


    #16 darksmurf11

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    Posted 04 May 11 - 06:07 PM

    치금 까지도 "애"과 '에'를 구별하기가 힘들다 .. 가끔식도 "오","어" 잘 못 읽은 경우에도 있습나다.
    can you give tips on this ??

    #17 arief

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    Posted 07 May 11 - 06:13 AM

    Thanks Waggy, this really enlighten me. so i know how the pronounce goes with this knowledge i think it will be easier memorizing the vowel and consonant

    #18 sasaranger

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    Posted 07 May 11 - 06:57 AM

    thank for this project.

    it's very useful for one who want to learn Korean language

    wait for next lesson

    #19 sasaranger

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    Posted 07 May 11 - 06:59 AM

    I want to learn word that daily use ie.rice, telephone pls.

    #20 Tara

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    Posted 07 May 11 - 07:30 AM

    Thanks Waggy. It's really interesting and useful especially for someone like me who's normally use Cyrillic alphabet. Something interesting for me is that in our language we have one letter for some sounds in Korean that in English are combination from 2 or 3 letters when you must write it (for example - ch(ч) as in change or 친구[chin-gu]) , yu(ю) as in you , ya(я) as in (yard)).
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