Palace - 대궐 "daegwol" or just simply 궐 "gwol" - used in conversational context
Hall/Pavillion - 전 "jeon" e.g. XXjeon
Confucian aristocrats/elite - 사대부 "sadaebu"
Grand Royal Queen Dowager (대왕대비) - generally the most senior female above the current king's mother (usu. grandmother; in Sukjong's case, his great-grandmother)
Royal Queen Dowager (왕대비) - more senior than the Dowager Queen yet junior to the Grand Royal Queen Dowager. Usually not used, skipped over to daewangdaebi
Queen Dowager/Queen Mother (대비) - current King's biological/step-mother
Titles & Honorifics for King - 주상 전하 "jusang jeonha", 상감 마마 "sanggam mama", 임금 "imgeum", 대전 "daejeon", & 군주 "gunju"
Titles & honorifics for Queen Consort - 왕비 전하 "wangbi jeonha" (rare), 중전/중궁전 마마 "jungjeon/junggungjeon mama", 교태전 "Gyotaejeon" (after her primary residence in Gyeongbokgung Palace). 왕후 is used in posthumous titles
- son (왕자군 "wangjagun") of concubine (후궁 "hugung")
-other sons & grandson of Crown Prince (세자) -> first-born son of Crown Prince is "Heir Presumptive" (세손 "sesohn")
-other sons, first-born legitimate grandson, & first-born legitimate great-grandson of Daegun (대군)
-first-born legitimate son & grandson of Prince (왕자군)
-meritorious subjects of the first and second class AKA honorary princes
Wonja - first-born son of a King, irregardless of mother's status